Japan’s Struggle With Sustainability
Last Updated on January 8, 2021
The Japanese Paradox
Living in Japan for close to 3 years now, I am still frequently both delighted and frustrated by the nuances of modern Japanese culture. There are so many strange contradictions and paradoxes that exist. However, none cut me deeper than when addressing sustainability here in Japan.
What’s In A Name?
When bringing up sustainability, I often find myself having to explain the word itself. Not that I’m particularly surprised by this. Despite my hopes to the contrary, sustainability still comes across as a niche term. One that isn’t all that well understood either. Nevertheless, I remain strongly committed to sharing the message and awareness. Even if it takes some time to get it into. And I do get drawn into it! Although I justify the effort with the belief that I may be helping to move the needle forward where I can. Is it potentially tiring? Yes. Periodically frustrating? Sure. But of course I think it’s totally worth it!
With every conversation, discussion, conference, or debate I find it easier to go through. In fact, I’ve already posted about this. It’s my attempt at clarifying sustainability. Thankfully, sustainability has been getting more attention lately, but conveying it remains a challenge. That’s regardless of the growing recognition for the term. Although listeners may nod along to the word, its meaning can often appear vague and perhaps difficult to decipher. And that’s in English! Now imagine what it’s like translating it into Japanese.😂
Translating The Challenge
As you may have guessed, it’s a trial in and of itself. And that’s before even talking about implementation! Yet the lack of awareness surrounding its meaning doesn’t prevent it from getting tossed around a lot. Indeed, the word sustainability is popping up with increased frequency in both corporate and academic circles all over Japan.
Just in these past few years, I’ve witnessed sustainability signage and labels slowly appearing around Tokyo. Sustainability references are showing up on school banners, buses, and coffee shops, as well as the occasional park or public office. It might not be well understood, but the word itself is certainly getting around.
A Gradual Understanding
So sustainability is gaining recognition in Japan. Not quite as much as what I witnessed back in Canada, but it’s something. In Tokyo at least, I’ve heard it brought up in the context of business operations and manufacturing efficiency. Unfortunately, it’s also being used for the purpose of corporate greenwashing. Companies and organizations with no legitimate sustainability strategy are brandishing the word in the hopes of gaining brownie points. Disappointing to be sure, but at the very least sustainability is entering the conversation.
So while the meaning might be getting hollowed out, its familiarity is growing. However, because of all the political platitudes and corporate marketing, the word sustainability doesn’t have the impact that it could or should. As an alternative, I find myself bringing up the environment.
Rather than using the term sustainability, I refer to nature (shizen) or the environment (kankyo). The Japanese people I speak with also appear to respond with quicker understanding when I simply state my desire for being, “eco.” For instance, “I don’t want any plastic packaging, I’m eco.” It’s also been working better for me in the day-to-day struggle to avoid the copious amounts of disposable plastics.
The Japanese Experience
Despite all the plastic, I wouldn’t go so far as to say Japan isn’t onboard with sustainability. Indeed, environmental protection and the application of good management principals (a Japanese forte), are long-standing concepts in this country. In fact, there are plenty of great Japanese examples that the world has already benefited from.
In addition, there’s an abundance of Japanese traditions and cultural phenomena that allude to this connection with sustainability. You may have already heard of hanami (flower viewing picnic), onsen (hot springs), or shinrin-yoku (forest bathing). These terms benefit from a certain degree of tourism and promotional attention.
But there are plenty of others, including ikagi (purpose or reason for being) and wa (harmony). For anyone interested in exploring this topic further, there’s a lot out there. Indeed, for anyone keen on learning more about Japanese history and culture, there are numerous examples that reflect a profound understanding of sustainability (see also In A Japanese Way).
The Long Road To Sustainability
Unfortunately for the sustainability movement, potential doesn’t quite make for reality. Despite the historical connections, Japan has a lot more to do when it comes to sustainability. This is clearly evident in Japan’s contemporary approach to urban lifestyle (an urbanization rate of 91.7%!!), consumption habits, business practices, and political will.
Japan (and the world at large) has a lot to gain from a sustainability transition! As the Japanese population slowly realizes this and reconnects with the extraordinary potential inherent within such a transformation, the opportunities are tremendous! This is undoubtedly true in many other parts of the world as well, but it feels almost painfully obvious here.
A Whole Lot of Coal, Oil, & Gas
One of Japan’s biggest sustainability fails is its over-dependence on fossil fuels. In particular, its plethora of coal-fire burning power plants (see Japan Coal Plant Tracker). It may come as a surprise, but Japan’s energy mix is still heavily dominated by fossil fuels (80% of Japanese energy needs come from coal, oil, and natural gas). The rest is split between nuclear power and renewables (they’re finally moving up!).
Another is the amount of plastic consumption. This one’s also pretty serious. Despite the supposedly high levels of recycling here, (surprise!) most of it actually ends up getting burned. This was an especially unpleasant discovery. Not only have I been cleaning and separating my plastic waste (only to learn that it gets burned up), but we also ultimately breath in this garbage. Indeed, my breathing has become increasing compromised since moving to Tokyo. Clearly there are many opportunities for Japan to up its eco-game. So what has been the public response?
Time For Change
Unfortunately, many I’ve spoken with aren’t even aware that Japan is still primarily powered by fossil fuels (they are too often overly quick to blame China for poor air quality), or that Japan is actually a leading funder of coal plant development in Southeast Asia. Instead, many have highlighted the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi disaster.
I can’t tell you how many times I’ve heard this response. That the reason for all the coal & oil is because the country had to shutdown its nuclear power. While this may have been true in the short term, it does not explain why renewable energy makes up such a small share of Japan’s energy mix. This, despite the fact renewables make better sense financially. They also wouldn’t generate the same kind of environmental risks associated with nuclear power.
Nuclear Power Is Not The Answer
Nuclear power is clearly not the solution to the global climate crisis. While it may generate less carbon emissions than from burning fossil fuels, it’s simply too long a solution (see Running Low On Time). And that’s without even considering the enormous costs, the nuclear waste, and the potential hazards.
Indeed, adopting nuclear energy in Japan was always bound to have associated risks. Given the country’s perpetual threat of earthquakes, typhoons, and tsunami’s (the Japanese islands literally sit on The Ring of Fire). It may have made sense at some point, but not anymore. There are cleaner, quicker, safer, and cheaper renewable energy alternatives.
This is also true in response to Japan’s plastic wrapped obsession, where nearly every parcel is covered in the environmentally harmful stuff. There are alternatives for this too, many of which have a long and historic tradition in Japan. Check out furoshiki for example.👇
The quest to find out answers and alternatives for Japan’s current fossil fuel dependency makes for some very real and relevant conversations. Tough under normal circumstances, especially so coming from a foreigner!
Still, it’s my hope that in attempting to address the sustainability question, I am also helping to stimulate some curiosity and attention to the issue. My ultimate goal of course would be for these conversations to get converted into genuine action. That talking and writing about sustainability can help to spark the motivation in others as well. Seemingly simple conversations can at times leave lasting impressions.
Engage With It
As such, I’ve learnt to engage with sustainability discussions as best I can and as frequently as possible. I speak with everyone from the grocery store clerk, bartender, or mailman, to the local senior bike volunteers, or sitters at my child’s daycare.
Even if it requires some additional explanation, examples and photos (in Japan we can’t assume comprehension, even when people say yes), I make the effort. Indeed, discussing sustainability represents a brilliant medium for conveying an array of ideas and advocating for greater climate action.
Having said that, I would also recommend that you go for it if you have it in you. Don’t be shy. Try and have those conversations when and where you can. In doing so, it can also help provide you with some additional motivation.😉 Clearly sustainability solutions are complex and multi-layered, but you’ll definitely evolve your understanding as your immerse yourself in it.
Awakening The Japanese Spirit
Now back to the the Japanese take. So while the term sustainability has not yet become locally ingrained, people do willingly acknowledge the need for improvement (Kaizen is a thing here). And with the help of an increasing number of influencers, Japanese are slowly coming around to the generally accepted definition of sustainability.
As mentioned above (The Japanese Experience), there already exists a genuine understanding of the importance of environmental care. It’s apparent to most visitors who come to Japan. You can observe it manifested from the way Japanese people pick up their trash following a public gathering, or the popularity of the regular trips back to nature. Many Japanese also take great pride in the quality and care of their local foods, supporting growers, and gifting/sharing seasonal produce.
A Long History of Environmentalism
Of course, there are many other examples of how Japan people engage with environmental sustainability. Offhand, I also think of all the craftsmen & women who work to create (and repair) local goods. Then there’s all the art and poetry that was inspired by discovering one’s balance with nature.
Such environmental awareness is also visible in Japanese cinema. Notably in the immensely popular Studio Ghibli films. These movies often deliver strong environmental messages (although these are not always well understood, given the degree of consumerism and merchandizing related to the films).
A Balanced Approach
The need for balance and consideration is already present in this self-proclaimed collective society. It clearly lends itself towards a potential sustainability transition. Japanese environmental conservation roots also run deep. As does respect for nature. Recognizing the need to maintain balance with the environment and live within nature’s ecological limits permeate the country’s traditions. These elements will surely help the Japanese to adopt the sustainably movement as their own.
Once they do, other Japanese social traits (ex. meticulousness, attention to detail, and genuine honesty) could help propel Japan into a role of environmental leadership. The people of Japan will overcome this struggle with understanding & adopting sustainability. I have confidence in that. I just wish it will happen much sooner, and so help the rest of planet’s inhabitants curb the worst of the impending climate crisis.